Biochemistry or biological chemistry is the study of chemical processes within and relating to living organisms. A sub-discipline of both chemistry and biology, biochemistry may be divided into three fields: structural biology, enzymology, and metabolism. Biochemistry has become victorious at explaining living procedures through these three rules. Almost all areas of the life sciences are being exposed and advanced through biochemical procedures and research. Biochemistry targets understanding the chemical basis which permits biological molecules to give rise to the processes that happen within living cells and between cells, in turn associating greatly to the understanding of tissues and organs, also in organism structure and function. Biochemistry is intensely related to molecular biology which is the study of the molecular mechanisms of biological phenomena.
Mostly biochemistry deals with the structures, functions, and interactions of biological macromolecules i.e. proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates, and lipids. They give the structure of cells and execute many of the functions related to life. The chemistry of the cell also based on the reactions of small molecules and ions. These can be also inorganic. The mechanisms used by cells to harness energy from their environment through chemical reactions called metabolism. The findings of biochemistry pertain primarily to medicine, nutrition, and agriculture. In medicine, biochemists look over the causes and recovery of diseases. Nutrition studies maintain health and wellness and also the results of nutritional deficiencies in agriculture, biochemists investigate soil and fertilizers. Enhancing crop cultivation, crop storage, and pest control are also goals.