Several agents around the world have caused the pandemic. Looking at the last 17 years, it is seen that there have been three major outbreaks caused by the coronavirus. The World Health Organization (WHO) announced on March 11, 2020, that the most recent epidemic, SARS-CoV 2, had turned from an epidemic into a global pandemic. The main transmission route of the virus aerosol/droplet inhalation and person-to-person contact, even so, there is evidence to suggest the presence of viral RNA in wastewater. This evidence raises the need for a better understanding of wastewater, among other risk factors for human health.
A potentially deadly virus for SARS-CoV-2 and some precautions should be taken to conduct scientific tests. For this reason, some studies use murine hepatitis virus (MHV) instead of SARS-CoV-2 to test against the dangers specified in the Biosafety and COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2) guidelines. It is known that the membranes used for virus separation are mostly microfiltration and ultrafiltration. Pore ??size and virus size compatibility are important for good separation in these membranes. The penetration of small virus particles into the pores of the membrane shortens the life of the membrane. Some studies overcome this difficulty with coating.
This study focuses on the current knowledge about SARS-CoV-2 and its presence in wastewater/water, the use of membrane technologies to remove SARS-CoV-2 in wastewater/water, and the impact of SARS-CoV-2 on public health. Although available data for eradicating SARS-CoV-2 by purification techniques are limited, the membrane could be a promising technique to mitigate the impact of the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak.
- Information will be gained on the relationship of waste with covid and its impact on public health.
- The focus will be on the possibility of covid contamination of wastewater and its removal by membranes.
- By integrating this method into cities' wastewater management, the spread of the virus can be significantly reduced.