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3rd Edition of

Chemistry World Conference

June 14-15, 2023 | Rome, Italy

Chemistry 2023

Startsev Anatolii Nikolaevich

Speaker at Chemistry World Conference 2023 - Startsev Anatolii Nikolaevich
G.K. Boreskov Institute of Catalysis, Russian Federation
Title : H2S: a new Comprehension of its Role in Human Activity

Abstract:

The concept of the decisive role of solid catalysts in the reaction of low-temperature decomposition of H2S is considered in the framework of non-equilibrium thermodynamics of an irreversible process in an open system [1]. The reaction proceeds at room temperature without the use of external energy sources due to the internal chemical energy of H2S molecules.  In the gas phase, this reaction is thermodynamically impossible. The reaction products, along with hydrogen, are either solid sulfur (sulfide catalysts) or diatomic gaseous sulfur in the ground triplet state (metal catalysts) [2]. Various types of solid catalysts have been proposed for the process [3]. The developed concept makes it possible to solve not only the problem of the effective practical use of H2S, but also opens new pages in the chemistry of this substance as a source of atomic hydrogen and an energy supplier for the activation of chemically inert molecules (CO2, N2, Ar, etc). Moreover, the gaseous triplet sulfur discovered by us can be used in various fields of chemistry, pharmacology, medicine, etc. Thus, "useless" H2S acquires the status of a "useful" chemical, which will undoubtedly be in demand to solve problems that could not be realized within the framework of the previous paradigm of high-energy utilization of H2S [4].

Biography:

1972 – graduated from the Tomsk Poly-technical University, Russia
1972 – 2016 – researcher at the G.K. Boreskov Institute of Catalysis, Novosibirsk, Russia
1977-    PhD.: Title of the thesis: Properties of the supported catalysts prepared via organometallic and alkoxide complexes of Mo, W, Re and Pt.
1997-  Professor of Chemistry. Title of the thesis: Sulfide HDS catalysts: synthesis, structure, properties.
Since 2017 - Pensioner
PROFESIONAL POSITIONS:
Since 1995 - Head of the laboratory at the Boreskov Institute of Catalysis.
since 1990 - Senior Researcher
1990 - Head of the Research Group
1978/90 - Researcher;.
1974/77 - Junior Researcher 
1972/74 - Postgraduate Student

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